Taekwondo is a traditional martial art of Korea. Taekwondo is recognized as one of the oldest forms of martial arts in the world with over 2,000 years old.
In “Taekwondo”, Tae means “martial arts”, Kwon means “craftsmanship” and Do (meaning “religion” or “art”. and legs “.
One of the earliest clues to the existence of Taekwondo is a painting found in the Koguryo kingdom of Korea. Archaeologists say that the picture was painted between 37 BC and 66 AD.
The picture shows two unarmed sportman confronting each other in a pose similar to Taekwondo. There are also many other paintings with the figure of a person practicing a martial art and wearing a Taekwondo uniform.
Origin of Taekwondo in the early days
During the Cao Ly era, the Korean country practiced a martial art called Subakhi. At that time, the practice of this martial art was not only for the purpose of improving health, but also considered a high value art. Not only was the content of the entrance exam for the royal army at that time, Subakhi was also often performed for the king.
During the Korean king’s reign, Korean customs and practices textbooks said that this martial art was renamed Taekkyon. Not only did the name change, but the skills and techniques of Taekkyon during this period also changed a lot. Documents published in the late nineteenth century show that Taekkyon focused mainly on stone techniques.
At the end of the Chonsun Dynasty, the Taekkyon began to decline due to royal indifference. The reason is that in this period, society emphasizes literary value. Martial arts at this time are merely a recreational activity of the people.
At the end of the 19th century, Korea was dominated by Japan, and martial arts were banned. Even so, the resistance soldiers practiced this martial art to train physically and mentally. Korean international students also summarized and learned many new martial arts in the country of Phu Tang. This is one of the factors that greatly influenced the formation of Taekwondo.
After the liberation of the country in 1945, the Korean people began the process of rebuilding the martial arts tradition. Korean international students return to their home countries from Japan and open dojo to teach new martial arts. This martial art combines many techniques from different martial arts with Taekkyon as the main foundation.
In January 1946, a young officer named Choi Hong Hi took the lead in the movement for the soldiers at the martial arts unit. Eight years later, he became Major General and established Oh Do Kwan dojo.
In September 1954, Choi Hong Hi and his disciples performed the technique in the presence of then-President Rhee Syngman. The show created a huge buzz with the whole country.
In early 1955, a special committee was formed with the aim of promoting the martial art to the masses. In April 1955, the committee named the martial art Taekwondo.
In the 1960s, Korean Taekwondo coaches brought this martial art to many countries around the world. In October 1963, Taekwondo was listed on the list of official competitions at the National Sports Congress of the country of Kim Chi. 3 years later, the ITF – International Taekwondo Federation was established.
In May 1973, the first World Taekwondo Championship was held. That same year, the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) was established as the international governing body for the sports aspects of Taekwondo. Today, WTF has 120 separate member states, representing 20 million students. These numbers help Taekwondo become the most practiced martial art in the world.